Glowing Skin: Alcohol And Your Beauty Routine

Glowing Skin: Alcohol And Your Beauty Routine

Most of us now lead such busy and stressful lives that we sometimes find it hard to switch off when we really need to. Very often, we’ll turn to having a few glasses of wine or beer just as a simple means of trying to unwind. Drinking within the normal parameters of everyday living is fine. In moderation it can actually have health benefits, providing beneficial antioxidants to the body. In the last glowing skin article, we looked at how nicotine can have an ageing effect on the skin. Here we’re going to look at how the long term effects of alcohol can have a similarly detrimental effect on the epidermis.

Your skin and alcohol

The biggest single problem alcohol causes for the skin is dehydration. Dehydration is one of the primary causes of wrinkles and can make the skin look prematurely aged and lined. When we take on board alcohol and especially to excess, it can actually stop the nutrients and vitamins from the food we eat being properly absorbed. Even after just one or two nights of excess drinking, you’re likely to look sallow and pale, as though you’ve had no rest and are in need of some good healthy food to make you feel better. Upping the levels of water you drink can really help, but it isn’t the whole story behind helping the skin to heal itself after alcohol consumption.

Alcohol causes a change in the way the blood flows to the skin. It works to make the blood flow closer to the surface of the epidermis which means that the smaller blood vessels near the top, widen. This gives a typical red bloom to the skin, which can look inflamed and in some cases feel warm or hot to the touch. Over time, these blood vessels can become slightly weaker and cause broken capillaries which are sometimes unsightly and can only really be covered by a heavy make up.

When we drink, it can disrupt our sleeping. Initially it might make us feel as though we want to sleep as we feel less inhibited and more relaxed, but during the course of the night, it results in a burst of hormones which make us feel energized and more awake, meaning that during the course of the following day our skin may look pale, drawn and puffy.

Within our skin, we have an important building block called Hyaluronic Acid. This important compound is responsible, alongside collagen and elastin, for keeping the epidermis plumped up  and dewy looking. Naturally, over time they deplete and are part of the regular ageing process we all go through. In someone who drinks, the depletion of these chemicals is accelerated, meaning that they will look much older than they should, sooner.

Looking after your skin

Nobody is for one minute suggesting that you should totally give up drinking. It is something that should be enjoyed in moderation. Certainly drinks like red wine have many added benefits to them. They are rich in flavonols and antioxidants, which, as part of a healthy, balanced diet are essential to actually fight off the free radical damage that happens to our body, simply as a result of everyday things like pollution and stress. This story, published in The Washington Times shows just how badly it can effect your skin and the potentially confidence knocking consequences of a few too many tipples. It isn’t just the skin it affects though. If you feel that your drinking is out of control, then it is important you try and seek help. Looking through an alcoholism treatment directory to find a suitable counselor or place to seek help is a great start, as is simply finding someone trusted to talk to about your issues. This can be key to overcoming any difficulties you may have.  There are some simple skincare tips you can follow if you want to help your skin look at its best if you know you’ve overindulged:

Don’t underestimate the importance of cleansing and moisturizing: Keeping the skin clean and well hydrated is vitally important. Every day, twice a day, make sure you cleanse, tone and moisturize with good quality products that leave the skin clean, soft and hydrated. At certain times, the skin may need extra hydration and it can sometimes be worth trying to find a good skin oil or anti-ageing serum to slot into your routine to make sure both the lower and upper layers of the epidermis are well hydrated.

Exfoliation: Gentle exfoliation works best on any skin that has issues with broken capillaries or redness. Sometimes, a gentle cleansing regime involving something like the Clarisonic will be enough. A skin which is coarser, oilier or drier may be able to take exfoliation two to three times a week, whereas a reactive, redder skin may only require it once a week or fortnight. It is also important to try and find an exfoliant which is non granular and can be left on the skin without needing to be agitated in order to break down the dead skin. Follow with a serum and moisturizer.

Massage: Skin massage to encourage lymphatic drainage is extremely important in someone who has been overindulging. This encourages the system to gently detoxify itself and also means that the blood flow is properly stimulated. You can do this yourself. When you’re applying your cleanser and moisturizer use sweeping upward and outward movements as you work the products into your skin. Doing this twice a day should see improvements very quickly. It should also help to de-puff and bring some color back to the cheeks!

Nutrients: Alcohol can often leave you feeling bloated, puffy and in need of a good detoxification regime. Sticking to plenty of good, fresh foods, raw fruits and vegetables, lean protein and wholegrain carbohydrates in combination with plenty of pure water can do wonders to help the liver and kidneys flush themselves properly.

By Julie Birch

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You’re Invited Monday June 24th to Celebrate our 10th Birthday and Summer Open House!

You’re Invited Monday June 24th to Celebrate our 10th Birthday and Summer Open House!

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Glowing Skin: The Ravages Of Nicotine And How It Can Age You

It’s probably a fairly obvious point to make, but smoking is bad for you. We all know it, yet despite our best intentions some of us continue to do it, even though we’re well aware of the effects it can have on us physically. What many of us fail to understand is just how smoking affects the largest organ of our body – the skin. Once you begin to realize the effects it has on the epidermis and begin to look into treating your skin properly, you’ll start to see what an overwhelmingly negative thing it is.

Smoking and the skin

When you inhale the smoke from a cigarette, what you’re actually doing is restricting the flow of oxygen and blood to the face. The blood vessels become narrower nearer to the surface of the skin and this can cause premature wrinkles and ageing. It’s also why, when you see a smoker their skin very often is very dull, sallow or ashy looking, because they do not get the same level of nutrients to their epidermis.

One of the most noticeable physical reactions in the skin is how lined the areas around the mouth and eyes can become. When you pull on a cigarette you create muscular stress on these areas which also encourages them to droop and develop the tell tale marionette lines and crows feet.

The two main building blocks of our skin are collagen and elastin. It’s a sad fact that as we start to age, these two compounds deplete in our bodies at a fairly rapid rate and this is what causes us to lose the bounce, elasticity and plumpness in our features – if you compare the skin of a newborn baby or toddler with that of someone who is thirty years older, you’ll see how the radiance and contouring of the features loses its softness . In someone who smokes, this collagen and elastin is depleted much quicker as the effects of the chemicals in the tobacco and nicotine work to almost ‘tear’ at the fibers and cause them to break down much quicker.

The other major factor of smoking on the skin is how dry and parched it can leave it. You’re not only inhaling the four thousand chemicals in the cigarette, but allowing them to circulate in the atmosphere too, so they will also dry the air around you and deplete the levels of moisture in the skin. These chemicals form part of a set of a problematic group of substances called free radicals which can do a lot of harm to the body and cause premature ageing. Smoking naturally depletes levels of most vitamins in the body, but particularly vitamin C, E and beta-carotene. A lack of these vitamins can cause premature skin ageing, tiredness and a lack of vitality.


Quitting smoking and helping your skin to recover

Events like World No Tobacco Day 2013 very often cajole more people into making the decision to quit nicotine for good and lead healthier lives. Taking the appropriate medical help and counselling to do so is a brave thing, though as with any sort of addiction it can take time to recover fully, with some people experiencing relapses or periods of doubt and anxiety before they fully conquer their habit. It’s important to remember that these feelings and experiences are completely normal and will, ultimately only serve to make you stronger. However, while you’re in the process of stopping, it can be really good to start to look into a really good skincare regime to help you feel better about your skin and recognize that there are things you can do to help with the signs of ageing, caused by smoking.

Cleanse, tone, moisturise: Twice a day, without fail. Using a product like Clarisonic, alongside whichever products you use to clean your skin with can make all the difference to a skin which is dull, lackluster and sallow. It will work to deeply clean, without leaving the epidermis parched and dry and it will also allow your skin to better absorb the nutrients from the moisturizers, serums and beauty balms you will apply afterwards.

Exfoliation: Regular exfoliation with a gentle exfoliant (either granular or non-granular) will help the skin’s cell turnover rate. One of the biggest reasons for skin to look dull is lack of exfoliation. It is no good buying really good quality skincare and then applying it to an older skin surface which hasn’t been exfoliated properly. Using a scrub twice a week will encourage the skin to look youthful and get the most out of the products you use.

Masks and treatments: These provide nourishment and moisture to a skin that has been dried by the effects of tobacco in the atmosphere. After exfoliation, apply a rich, nutrient dense face mask to the skin and relax for a good twenty minutes to really let the skin accept the benefits of the ingredients. These are great to provide an instant boost and plumpness to the epidermis.

Internal as well as external hydration: The moisture that we apply to the skin is one thing, but years of smoking may well have left you internally dehydrated too. It’s important to remember to drink two liters of water a day (remember this includes the fluids from the fruits and vegetables you consume as part of a healthy diet). Another great way of giving your skin an internal moisture boost is to incorporate cold pressed oils into your diet. Looking at taking an Omega 3 oil supplement, or even just adding a tablespoon of flax seed oil into a salad dressing or into a fruit smoothie can actually do wonders to boost your skin’s moisture levels and improve its elasticity.

 By Julie Birch
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Laser Spa Group Second Location Opening!

We are excited to announce the opening of our second location in Burlington, and will share space with Dr. Christopher J. Assad. BSc MD FRCSC. Dr. Assad will be our Medical Director and we are very excited to be working with him!

Dr. Assad is a Certified Cosmetic Plastic Surgeon and has operated out of Milton District Hospital since 1998. Dr. Assad services the entire Halton region as part of a group call service for Halton Healthcare, JBMH in Burlington, and on weekends he covers hospitals in Mississauga. Based in Burlington for over 10 years, he has operated on patients from around the world. He takes his time to know his patients in order to more accurately choose which procedure they are best suited for.

From non-surgical procedures like botox, fillers and rejuvenation injectables, to surgical procedures such as breast augmentation, breast reduction, eyelid surgery, facelift, liposuction tummy tuck, brow lifts and more, the range of services he provides is broad. Men have started engaging in more and more rejuvenation treatments, as the demands of the workplace have motivated men to want to appear more youthful, which then boosts their confidence.
We are pleased to merge our non-invasive medical spa treatments such as Fraxel skin resurfacing, laser hair/vein removal, microdermabrasion Skinceuticals Advanced Chemical Peels, Cellulite and Body Contouring, IPL Photorejuvenation, SilkPeel Dermalinfusion with his plastic surgery clinic and patients.

Laser Spa Group New Second Location is:
Millcroft Professional Centre
4300 Upper Middle Road, Unit #2,
Burlington, Ontario, L7M 4P6
Toll Free 1-888-315-9994.
(905) 315-9994

Dr. Christopher Assad’s website is where you can find information about his practice or book your consultation for cosmetic plastic surgery or non-invasive treatments.

Feel free to still contact us at our Hamilton number and website for treatment questions and bookings for the Burlington location.
Laser Spa Group Main Hamilton Location will still operate at:

393 King Street West
Hamilton, Ontario, L8P 1B5
We share space with our wonderful friends of Salon Michele.

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FDA on Lasers

Radiation-Emitting Products

Section Contents Menu

Laser Facts

Medical lasers have been used for dermatology applications such as removal of port wine stains, dark spots, tattoos, acne scars and other blemishes for over a decade. Lasers are used for a growing number of cosmetic procedures including hair removal, treatment of wrinkles, and tooth whitening. For risk information on the specific laser treatment that you are considering, ask your physician or operator for the patient labeling for the laser device.


The popularity of laser hair removal has increasingly grown, prompting many laser manufacturers to conduct research and seek FDA clearance for their lasers for this indication. The market is growing so quickly that FDA cannot maintain an up-to-date list of all laser manufacturers whose devices have been cleared for hair removal, as this list continues to change. To learn if a specific manufacturer has received FDA clearance, you can check FDA’s Website at Medical Device Databases1 under the 510(k) database. You will need to know the manufacturer or device name of the laser. You can also call FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Consumer Staff, at 240-276-3103, fax your request to 240-276-3151 or send an e-mail to: DSMICA@cdrh.fda.gov2.

Manufacturers should be aware that receiving an FDA clearance for general permission to market their devices does not permit them to advertise the lasers for either hair removal or wrinkle treatment, even though hair removal or wrinkle treatment may be a by-product of any cleared laser procedure. Further, manufacturers may not claim that laser hair removal is either painless or permanent unless the FDA determines that there are sufficient data to demonstrate such results. Several manufacturers received FDA permission to claim, “permanent reduction,” NOT “permanent removal” for their lasers. This means that although laser treatments with these devices will permanently reduce the total number of body hairs, they will not result in a permanent removal of all hair. The specific claim granted is “intended to effect stable, long-term, or permanent reduction” through selective targeting of melanin in hair follicles. Permanent hair reduction is defined as the long-term, stable reduction in the number of hairs re-growing after a treatment regime, which may include several sessions. The number of hairs regrowing must be stable over time greater than the duration of the complete growth cycle of hair follicles, which varies from four to twelve months according to body location. Permanent hair reduction does not necessarily imply the elimination of all hairs in the treatment area.

FDA does not make comparisons between systems or how well or safely they work compared to another company’s system. FDA does not recommend one laser system over another.

Lasers cleared for body hair removal are also cleared for facial hair removal.


Lasers are also being used to treat wrinkles. Several manufacturers have received FDA clearance to claim treatment of wrinkles, while others may claim skin resurfacing. Patients have reported reddening of the skin, which lasted from one to four months. Pain was mild and could be treated with over-the-counter analgesics. Consumers should bear in mind that skin abrasion, whether achieved by lasers, chemicals or abrasive materials, means removing one or more layers of skin, which can be painful and could cause redness, swelling or scarring, depending on how each person heals.

People considering this procedure should consult a dermatologist or the manufacturer to determine whether or not they would be good candidates. Be sure to ask your dermatologist for a copy of the patient labeling for the specific laser device used to understand the risks.


Several manufacturers have received clearance for argon and carbon dioxide lasers to activate tooth-bleaching solutions and to treat gum disease. Several lasers have clearance for hard tissue use on teeth. On May 7, 1997 FDA cleared the first laser system for treating tooth decay, an erbium YAG laser made by Premier Laser Systems. Recently, American Dental Technologies received FDA clearance to market its laser for caries removal; it is not cleared to remove tooth enamel.

Studies conducted by the manufacturers showed that the laser is as safe and effective as a high-speed drill for removing dental decay and preparing a cavity for a filling. The manufacturer’s study indicated that fewer patients needed anesthetic for pain. Any inquiries regarding this method of cavity treatment should be directed to your dentist, who can provide you with patient labeling including risks for the specific laser.


Lasers may be used to remove tissue in eye surgery as well. This may include removing tumors, cataracts, or proliferating blood vessels common to diabetic retinopathy. Several manufacturers have lasers cleared for photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK), two procedures for correcting nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. The laser is used to reshape the cornea and focus images correctly on the retina. For information on eye surgery and which lasers have received clearance, you can access FDA’s LASIK Website4. As with the other types of patient labeling, be sure to ask the surgeon for the patient labeling for the specific laser device being used.


Some lasers have been cleared for medical uses such as removing tissue. Because heat from lasers cauterizes blood vessels, there is less bleeding compared to scalpel use. Usually, FDA gives manufacturers general surgical clearances; in order to promote the laser for a specific surgical procedure, manufacturers must first provide FDA with clinical evidence that their lasers are safe and effective for that specific procedure. If you wish to learn whether a specific laser has been cleared for a specific indication, you may contact FDA’s Consumer Staff. You will need to provide the name of the manufacturer and the specific product name of the device before contacting the Consumer Staff.


States regulate who can use lasers for various therapeutic procedures. Medical lasers are prescription devices available for sale only to licensed practitioners. You should check with your state medical licensing board to determine who qualifies as a licensed practitioner in your state.


Biostimulation lasers, also called low level laser therapy (LLLT), cold lasers, soft lasers, or laser acupuncture devices, were cleared for marketing by FDA through the Premarket Notification/510(k) process as adjunctive devices for the temporary relief of pain. These clearances were based on the presentation of clinical data to support such claims. FDA will consider similar applications for these and other claims with the decision to require clinical data being made on an individual basis, taking into consideration both the device and the claim.


All laser devices distributed for both human and animal treatment in the U.S. are subject to Mandatory Performance Standards. They must meet the Federal laser product performance standard and must submit an “initial report” to CDRH’s Office of Compliance prior to distributing the product (see 21 CFR 1000-1040.11). This performance standard specifies the safety features and labeling that all laser products must have in order to provide adequate safety to users and patients. A laser product manufacturer must certify that each model complies with the standard before introducing the laser into U.S. commerce. This includes distribution for use during clinical investigations prior to device approval.

Certification of a laser product means that each unit has passed a quality assurance test and that it complies with the performance standard. The firm that certifies a laser product assumes responsibility for product reporting, recordkeeping, and notification of defects, noncompliances, and accidental radiation occurrences, as specified in sections 21 CFR 1000-1010. A certifier of a laser product is required to report the product via a Laser Product Report submitted to CDRH. Reporting guides and related regulatory information are available from the Radiation-Emitting Products5 web site. Distribution of any certified laser products internationally would also require submission of the report.

For more information you can click the link below to take you directly to the FDA website.

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Health Canada on Lasers

Cosmetic Laser Treatments

It’s Your Health

Help on accessing alternative formats, such as Portable Document Format (PDF), Microsoft Word and PowerPoint (PPT) files, can be obtained in the alternate format help section.

On this page:

The Issue

Laser technology is being used for an increasing number of cosmetic treatments. Examples include hair reduction, skin resurfacing for wrinkle reduction and/or treatment of acne scars, removal of pigmented blemishes (e.g., age spots and moles), and treatment of vascular lesions (e.g., port wine stains and spider veins). Lasers are also used to remove tattoos.

If you are considering any of these procedures, it is important to look at the potential risks as well as the potential benefits.


A number of medical devices using related technologies have been licenced in Canada for use in cosmetic treatments. These technologies include various types of lasers, intense pulsed light and radio-frequency energy, all of which operate on the same basic principle.

Lasers emit an intense beam of light or energy (visible or invisible) with a specific wavelength, which is targeted at a type of tissue in the part of the body being treated. When the beam of energy reaches its target, it is absorbed and converted into heat. If the procedure is done properly, the heat inactivates or destroys cells in the target area without having a significant effect on the other cells that surround it.

For hair reduction, the laser system targets the melanin (or dark colouring) in the hair follicle (or root). For wrinkle reduction and treatment of acne scars, the device targets and damages cells near the surface of the skin. The results are similar to the skin-tightening effect caused by traditional skin resurfacing procedures, such as chemical peels and mechanical abrasion. To treat vascular lesions, including spider veins, the light from the laser is directed at the blood vessels. If the appropriate wavelength is used, the vessel wall is injured and is subsequently absorbed by the body. Treatments for surface blemishes and tattoos are based on a similar principle.

The effectiveness of cosmetic laser procedures depends on many factors, including:

  • choice of the correct device for a given treatment;
  • the training and skill of the person operating the device;
  • the wavelength of the beam of energy that targets the tissue;
  • the power settings used, the duration of each energy pulse, the amount of time between pulses, the number of pulses per treatment, and the number of treatments administered; and
  • the colour of the skin and/or hair of the person being treated.

These factors also affect the type and severity of risks associated with the treatments.

Risks associated with Cosmetic Laser Treatments

Even when the correct laser instrument is chosen for a given treatment, there is a risk of temporary effects, including immediate pain, reddening of the skin, bruising and swelling. Some lasers are equipped with cooling devices to reduce this risk. Other possible side effects include the formation of blisters, burns and infection. In some cases, there may be lightening or darkening of the skin, but these complications are rarely permanent.

If the wrong device is used or if a procedure is not done properly, the desired results may not be obtained and there is a risk of permanent scarring. There is also a risk of eye damage if you do not wear proper eye protection during laser treatments.

Other Concerns

Cosmetic laser procedures can be expensive, and you may be disappointed with the results if you are not a suitable candidate or do not have realistic expectations. For example, laser hair reduction works best for people with light skin and dark hair. It is not as effective on blond, red, grey or white hair or for people with dark skin. Most people need multiple sessions in order to achieve good results. Depending on the operator and the laser system used, there may be some permanent hair reduction (about 30%), but there are no guarantees that the procedure will work for every person or on every part of a person’s body.

Also, the degree of effectiveness for many types of cosmetic laser treatments is subjective. You may not be happy with results that someone else would consider to be successful. In addition, some treatments, such as skin resurfacing, require detailed follow-up care, including up to two weeks of recovery time.

Minimizing Your Risk

The best way to minimize your risk is to make informed decisions based upon thorough research. Find out whether you are a suitable candidate for the procedure you have in mind. Look into the requirements for recovery time and follow-up care. Investigate the risks, and weigh them against the benefits expected for someone with your type of skin and/or hair.

If you decide to go ahead, be sure that the person who will operate the laser device has the training and experience needed to perform the procedure safely and effectively. Ask the operator for references. Experts in cosmetics with proper training in laser techniques should be able to perform hair reduction treatments with minimal risks to the Canadian public. Avoid tanning before and after treatments for laser hair reduction. Tanning increases melanin production in your skin and can reduce the effectiveness of the treatment.

For any other type of laser treatment, Health Canada advises you to seek the services of a licenced health care professional with specialized training in laser procedures. This is particularly important if you are seeking treatment for growths or pigmented areas on your skin.

Be sure to wear eye protection, and ask about cooling the skin during laser treatments. Also, make sure the laser device has been licenced by Health Canada for the specific procedure you have in mind. The licenced uses, expected benefits and potential risks of licenced laser devices are described in either the Operator’s Manual or the Training Manual supplied by the manufacturer.

Finally, make a commitment to participate fully in any follow-up care that may be required.

Health Canada’s Role

Health Canada regulates laser devices under the Radiation Emitting Devices Act, the Medical Devices Regulations and the Food and Drugs Act. These Acts and Regulations ensure that laser systems sold in Canada are safe and effective when used for their licenced medical purposes by trained professionals according to the manufacturers’ directions.

Need More Info?

For more information, contact:

Medical Devices Bureau, Therapeutic Products Directorate Health Canada Room 1605, Statistics Canada Main Building Tunney’s Pasture Ottawa, ON K1A 0L2 Telephone: (613) 957-4786


Consumer and Clinical Radiation Protection Bureau, Health Canada 775 Brookfield Road Ottawa, ON K1A 1C1 Telephone: (613) 954-6699

To report problems associated with the use of medical devices, including laser systems, call Health Canada’s toll-free hotline at 1-800-267-9675.

Also, see the following Web sites:

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Web site:

For additional articles on this subject and other issues go to the It’s Your Health Web site. You can also call (613) 957-2991.

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Health, 2004 Original: April 2004

You can directly go to the Health Canada link for information regarding Laser Cosmetic Treatments.

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Secrets to Beautiful Skin For Your Wedding

The Secrets to Beautiful Skin For Your Wedding
Every bride and groom wants their skin to be the best possible on their wedding day. Start a new skin care program now to ensure great results.
Background Information
Your skin is the body’s largest organ. It weighs between two and four kilos, covers between one and two square metres and completely renews itself every seven to ten weeks.
Your skin reflects your state of health, being soft and smooth when well cared for, or dry and flaky when taken for granted. To be the proud owner of beautiful, soft, young-looking skin on your wedding day, you need to take care of it.
Tips on skin care
Drink 2 litres of water a day
Enjoy a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables
Try to have a sound, restful sleep
Take high quality supplements including a vitamin & mineral supplement and an Omega 3 essential fatty acids supplement
Practice a daily skin care regime
Know your skin type
Exercise regularly
Keep stress levels to a minimum
Limit intake of caffeine and alcohol
Avoid excess exposure to extremes of temperature
Daily Skin Care Regime
Men as well as women will see a marked improvement in their skin if they follow a good skin care plan. Cleanse, tone and moisturise daily. Then exfoliate and use a mask a regularly.
We all need to cleanse our face and neck, morning and night. The accumulation of dead cells, perspiration and make-up mixed with the grime in the atmosphere, clogs up our pores and results in a dull and lifeless appearance. After cleansing a toner is used to remove the last traces of cleanser and tighten and tone the pores. Toner leaves the skin feeling invigorated and cool.
Next use a moisturizer. Pollution, sunlight, harsh weather, air conditioning and central heating remove moisture from the skin. This causes dry and dull skin. Two litres of water daily will hydrate your skin from the inside. You should also add moisture from the outside. A good moisturizer will help prevent your skin’s moisture from evaporating into the atmosphere. All skin types, including oily, need moisturizers.
Extras to ensure a radiant skin
An appropriate exfoliant will remove dead cells from the skin’s surface. This speeds up the production of new cells. It also improves blood circulation, which gives the skin a healthy glow.
Eye creams are designed for the sensitive areas around the eye. Choose one that reduces puffiness, dark circles and wrinkles.
It is better to use a day and a night cream. They have different formulations. This will improve skin elasticity, texture and appearance dramatically. During the night your skin needs a special cream to rehydrate and rejuvenate skin cells so that you wake up with a refreshed, softer complexion.
In the shower use a soap free body wash. This is gentler on the skin and cuts down on cleaning the shower recess!! Apply a cream, or spray on, body moisturizer to your whole body after showering.
Follow this regime and you will have beautiful skin on your wedding day and for the rest of your life.
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The serious warnings that come along with sporting a sun-kissed look are all too standard. Slather on the SPF or be faced with less than desirable outcomes like premature aging, sun spots and more sinister situations like skin cancer.
How you tan.
From the Sun. When you get colour from the sun, it usually shows up first as a sunburn (your body’s initial reaction to UV exposure and sun damage), and then settles into a tan colour, created by the excess melanin produced in order to protect your skin from further damage.
From Tanning Beds. Exposure  to UV rays through tanning beds damages the skin just like the sun does; the difference is that tanning beds can output more UVA rays (the ones that lead to premature aging) in comparison to UVB rays (cause burning), and the amount of overall radiation can be stronger than the sun.
From Self-Tanner. The key ingredient in most self-tanners, a chemical called dihydroxyacetone, or DHA, goes to work when it comes into contact with oxygen, creating a reaction in the top layer of your skin (the dead cells) that leads to the tan colour. The tanner doesn’t reach the deeper layers, and once the top skin cells flake off, the tan fades.
Tips for a flawless self-tan. Anyone who has ever used a self-tanner knows getting great results usually relies on one key factor: how adept you are at applying it. But, besides giving it a go a few times, and making sure you have the perfect shade and smooth, exfoliated skin as the base, and there are lesser-known techniques and tricks to take into account to get great results.
Take a little off. After applying tanner to your face, dampen a washcloth or tissue with water and dab around the outskirts of your nose, as well as on the tip. The water will remove a little colour without any trace and create a bit of a contour that looks more natural.
Dont forget your hairline. Youll want to diminish any obvious colour between your face and scalp, so apply self-tanner into your hair (but do so sparingly).
Wear socks. Since your feet (and hands, wrists) are thinner-skinned than the rest of your body, they hold more colour when tanner is applied, so shield them. Apply a light swipe of tanner from your feet to yoru ankles and from your wrists to your arms, then apply your regular lotion over that to get the colour cohesive and water it down a bit.
The right way to remove.
Made a mistake? Any at home generic facial bleach can fix it. Mix the powder and cream together and allow it to sit on your fingers, palms or feet for 5-10 min. Rinse and your skin will return back to its original colour.
Why a tan ruins your skin.
Contrary to popular belief, its not the actual sun-kissed shade thats doing the damage, its whats going on underneath the skins surface thats harmful. Getting a ‘tan’ is the skins response to DNA damage. By the time a tan shows up on your skin the damage has already been done.
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Understanding Hair Removal

Hair grows in cycles, and many factors influence its growth. Age, ethnicity, medications, hormone levels, and even body site all influence the length, coarseness, and colour of body hair.

Understanding Hair RemovalHow much hair you have depends on how many hairs are in their active growth cycle and how long that cycle lasts. Hair revolves through three phases of growth: anagen, catagen, and telogen.

Anagen is the active growing phase in which the hair bulb is intact. The hair grows in both directions, upward and downward. Early anagen is when the bulb is closest to the surface of the skin, and contains an abundance of melanin (pigment) allowing for the most effective treatment.

Catagen is a brief intermediate phase between anagen and telogen. It is the regression phase when the lower part of the hair stops growing but is not shed, and the body absorbs the lower third of the follicle.

Telogen is the resting phase. The hair bulb is no longer present, and is now a club hair, which will fall out, or be pushed out of the follicle by a new anagen growing hair.

Laser treatment for hair removal is effective on hairs that are in their growth or anagen phase. Hairs that continue to grow after a treatment may be in their telogen phase (not growing) or the laser may not have penetrated well enough with enough energy. To help prevent having undisturbed hair follicles, your laser specialist’s goal is to start at a low energy setting and increase it until they have established the highest energy level possible without causing injury or unbearable discomfort to the individual. In skin types 5 and 6, medium or high energy levels are never used as it may cause trauma to the skin and result in possible scarring and hyper/hypopigmentation changes, therefore it will take many more treatments for these skin types to achieve their desired results.


In the past, the usual remedies for unwanted hair included plucking, shaving, waxing or chemical depilatories. Some are painful, some are messy and all are only temporary.

For long-term hair removal, electrolysis is popular and effective, but it is a time-consuming procedure, which can be painful and is useful only in removing hair in small areas. During electrolysis, an electric current passes through a needle to destroy each individual hair root. It typically takes months and numerous regular visits to clear even small areas, like the upper lip.

Laser hair removal is a more effective solution. The LightSheer diode laser is a state-of-the-art system specially designed to remove unwanted hair faster, with less discomfort and more reliably than other methods.

Your Body’s Response

Some areas of the body may respond to treatments better than others. This is because most areas have different telogen (resting) durations and amounts of hair in its telogen stage. For example, you can have your upper lip and sideburns treated at the same time. Most of the hair on your upper lip does not grow back, but you do not notice much difference on your sideburns. This is because only 10% of the hair on your sideburns may have been in its growth stage (anagen) and about 65% of the hair on your upper lip was in its growth stage.

It is important to understand that laser hair removal is most successful when done in multiple treatments. One treatment will not be near enough unless you only desire a thinning effect. With each treatment you should notice that more hair does not grow back, and we recommend at least 4-6 treatments for facial areas and 3-5 treatments on body areas. These are average results for most clients. You should also be aware that the hair may grow back in the future if you have any changes in your hormones especially for areas treated on the face.

The hair on your body at any given time may be in anagen of about 20% average. The other 80% may either be in catagen, or telogen. This is why you only get about 20% permanent reduction per session, and why multiple sessions are needed.

Below we have listed a Richards-Merhag Chart for the cycles of hair growth and their respective duration, density and depth.


















3-4 months

2-6 years


3 – 5 mm




3 months

4-8 weeks


2 – 2.5 mm




3 months

- - -




1 year



2 – 4 mm




10 weeks

16 weeks


2 – 4 mm

Upper Lip



6 weeks

6 weeks


1 – 2.5 mm




3 months

4 months


3.5 – 4.5 mm







2 – 4.5 mm




3 months

4 months


3 – 5.5 mm




18 weeks

13 weeks


2 – 4.5 mm




24 weeks

16 weeks


2.5 – 4 mm







3 – 4.5 mm

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History of the laser

LASER technology (Light Amplification Stimulated by the Emission of Radiation) is close to ninety years old. Albert Einstein first described and developed the laser concept in 1917.

Thirty-five (35) years went by before scientists put forth more studies on laser technology. In 1954, Bell Laboratories researchers created the first MASER or “Stimulated Emissions of Microwave Radiation.”

Laser’s real birth took place in 1960 when the first Ruby laser was created. Dr. T.H. Maiman built it at the Hughes Aircraft facilities, using a synthetic ruby rod, which generated millisecond pulses of coherent 694nm Ruby Laser light. Next came the 1060nm near-infrared laser light utilizing glass rods equipped with Neodymium (Nd: Glass Laser). In the course of that same year, Dr. Leon Goldman, dermatologist, began research on the interaction of laser light on biological systems. He used it for the first time on a pigmentary lesion, a melanoma. His early clinical studies on humans led the way to the Ruby Laser application for retinal surgery in the mid 1960′s.

In 1964, the Argon Ion Laser was developed. The continuous wave 488nm (blue-green) gas laser was much easier to control and provided even better suitability for retinal surgery. Still, in 1964, the Nd:YAG Laser (Neodymium: Yttrium Aluminum Garnett) and the CO2 Laser (carbon dioxide) made their entry on the market. It was the burn and learn period. Later in the 1980′s the selective photo-thermolysis theory changed everything. Thus, this concept opened the way to pulsed lasers, and were prolific in regarding new applications; tattoo removal, benign skin lesion treatments, CO2 laser re-smoothing, Er:YAG laser for photo-depilation and photo-rejuvenation.

Today, we resort to laser technology in many disciplines, such as: medicine (diagnostic, tumors eradication, therapeutic effects, ophthalmology), aesthetics (depilation, skin imperfection corrections), telecommunications, printing, holography, research and other industrial sciences.

The current research is directed towards non-ablative laser, vision correction and improved photodynamic therapy for skin cancer treatment and hair removal.

  • 1916 – Concept of Stimulated Emission – Albert Einstein
  • 1958 – Laser Theory – Charles Townes and Arthur Shawlow
  • 1959 – Optical Fiber – Sam DiVita
  • 1960 – Ruby Laser – Theodore Maiman
  • 1960 – HeNe Laser – Ali Javan
  • 1962 – Semiconductor Laser – Robert Hall
  • 1964 – CO2 Laser – Kumar Patel
  • 1964 – Nd:YAG Laser – Guseic, Markos and Van Uiteit
  • 1964 – Argon Laser – William Bridges
  • 1965 – Dye Laser – Sorokin and Lankard
The Laser Principle

The LASER term originates from the acronym “Light Amplification Stimulated by the Emission of Radiations”. The light penetrates the skin’s surface and transforms into heat that radiates on a small given skin surface, with superior intensity. The light penetrates into the skin only a few millimeters in depth according to the chromophores targeted. The structure that absorbs the rays is called chromophore. Regarding LASER hair removal, the targeted chromophore is the melanin. The optimum goal chromophore. Regarding LASER hair removal, the targeted chromophore is the melanin. The optimum goal is for a laser to aim for efficiency without any surrounding tissue damage. What needs to be protected at all costs is the bulb’s neighboring skin, meaning the peri-follicular’s collagen. If altered, it may change the skin texture or scarring may arise. There are three major components in the laser:

  • The active field (gas, solid-state, semi-conductor and chemical/coloured)
  • The pumping mechanism
  • The optical resonator
Solid-State Laser

Glass or crystal rods create the active fields of these lasers. They supply an effective power capacity and operate, in a general manner, on the pulse mode. The main reason for pulse mode is to preserve the small glass rods. The active field or rods may be damaged when heat is arising. Therefore, the pulse mode slows down the deterioration process. Solid-state lasers cover a wide electromagnetic spectrum range, going from infrared to ultraviolet. A large selection of solid-state laser equipment comes with cooling systems in order to cool down the skin layers before every light pulse. This option is certainly useful in preventing skin damage. The most recent models come with the Q-switched option, used primarily to remove tattoos.

Variables in Consumers That Affect Results

Lasers can be useful for surface dermatological procedures like removing some kinds of tattoos and birthmarks like port wine stains. That’s because the target is superficial and often in depth and colour compared to hairs. Hairs in any given treatment area can be widely variable in diameter, colour, and depth. This poorly delineated target makes laser effectiveness hard to predict. The same amount of laser energy will have different effects on hairs with different widths. Some hairs are as deep as 7 millimeters. It’s hard for a laser to be effective at those depths without overheating the upper skin.

Obviously, if a laser targets melanin, the less melanin you have in your hair means the less effective a laser will be. That’s why someone with gray, red, or blonde hair is not as good a candidate for laser hair removal.

In addition, the more melanin in your skin, the darker it looks. Whites typically don’t have much skin melanin, while Blacks have more. The laser doesn’t distinguish between melanin in hair and melanin in skin. That means the more melanin in a skin, the more the laser is going to be absorbed by the skin. That’s why someone with darker skin is not as good a candidate for laser hair removal, however with an experienced laser operator and laser that can treat darker skin types, these individuals can still have good results.

Light skin and dark hair are the best combination for laser hair removal. The more closely your skin tone matches your hair colour, the less likely you are to benefit from laser hair removal.

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