Light Sensitivity: Part 4, Prescriptions and...

Prescription Drugs and Photosensitivity:

Four-hundred drugs are known to cause photosensitive and photo-allergic reactions. The list includes certain antibiotics, birth control pills, diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants and many retinoids (such as Vitamin A acid).

Commonly Prescribed Drugs That Can Cause Photosensitivity:

ACE Inhibitors
Antiarrythmic Agents
Anti-Depressants
Birth Control Pills
Calcium Channel Blockers
Chemotherapy Agents
Corticosteroids
Hydrochlorothiazide
Immunosuppressive Agents
Interferon
NSAID’s
Premarin
Quinilones
Retin A®
SSRI’s
Statins
Sulfa Drugs

Drugs known to cause photoallergic, photo-recall photosensitive and phototoxic reactions*

PHOTOALLERGIC REACTION

Bimatoprost
Celecoxib
Chlorothiazide
Diclofenac
Enoxacin
Estrogens
Fenofibrate
Hydrochlorothiazide
Ibuprofen
Imipramine
Indomethacin
Itraconazole
Methoxsalen
Nalidixic Acid
Pentobarbital
Phenobarbital
Piroxicam
Promazine
Promethazine
Psoralens
Pyrazinamide
Quinethazone
Quinidine
Quinine
Sulfisoxazole
Thimerosal
Thioridazine
Tolbutamide
Trioxsalen
Vancomycin

 

PHOTO-RECALL

Acyclovir
Ampicillin
Aspirin
Bleomycin
Buspirone
Capecitabine
Cefazolin
Ciprofloxacin
Co-Trimoxazole
Codeine
Cyclophosphamide

Dactinomycin
Docetaxel
Doxorubicin
Epirubicin
Etoposide
Fluorouracil
Gemcitabine
Haloperidol
Hydroxyurea
Idarubicin
Interferons, Alfa-2    Mercaptopurine

Methotrexate
Mitomycin
Oxaliplatin
Paclitaxel
Piperacillin
Simvastatin
Sulfamethoxazole
Tamoxifen
Tobramycin
Vinblastine

PHOTOSENSITIVITY

Acamprosate
Acetaminophen
Acetazolamide
Acetohexamide
Acyclovir
Aldesleukin
Alitretinoin
Allopurinol
Almotriptan
Alprazolam
Amantadine
Amiloride
Aminolevulinic Acid
Aminosalicylate Sodium
Amiodarone
Amitriptyline
Amobarbital
Amoxapine
Anagrelide
Anthrax Vaccine
Arsenic
Atazanavir
Atenolol
Atorvastatin
Atropine Sulfate
Azatadine
Azathioprine
Azithromycin
Benazepril
Bendroflumethiazide
Benzthiazide
Benztropine
Bergamot
Betaxolol
Bexarotene
Bimatoprost
Bisoprolol
Brompheniramine
Bumetanide
Bupropion
Butabarbital
Butalbital
Capecitabine
Captopril
Carbamazepine
Carisoprodol
Carteolol
Carvedilol
Cefazolin
Ceftazidime
Celecoxib
Cetirizine
Cevimeline
Chlorambucil
Chlordiazepoxide
Chlorhexidine
Chloroquine
Chlorothiazide
Chlorotrianisene
Chlorpheniramine
Chlorpromazine
Chlorpropamide
Chlortetracycline
Chlorthalidone
Cinoxacin
Ciprofloxacin
Citalopram
Clemastine
Clofazimine
Clofibrate
Clomipramine
Clopidogrel
Clorazepate
Clozapine
Co-Trimoxazole
Colchicine
Corticosteroids
Cromolyn
Cyclamate
Cyclobenzaprine
Cyclothiazide
Cyproheptadine
Dacarbazine
Danazol
Dantrolene
Dapsone
Demeclocycline
Desipramine
Dexchlorpheniramine
Diazoxide
Diclofenac
Diflunisal
Diltiazem
Dimenhydrinate
Diphenhydramine
Disopyramide
Docetaxel
Dong Quai
Doxepin
Doxycycline
Duloxetine
Efavirenz
Enalapril
Enoxacin
Epirubicin
Epoetin Alfa
Esomeprazole
Estazolam
Estrogens
Ethacrynic Acid
Ethambutol
Ethionamide
Etodolac

Felbamate
Fenofibrate
Floxuridine
Flucytosine
Fluorouracil
Fluoxetine
Fluphenazine
Flurbiprofen
Flutamide
Fluvastatin
Fluvoxamine
Fosinopril
Furazolidone
Furosemide
Ganciclovir
Gatifloxacin
Gemifloxacin
Gentamicin
Glatiramer
Glimepiride
Glipizide
Glyburide
Glycopyrrolate
Gold And Gold Compounds
Goldenseal
Grepafloxacin
Griseofulvin
Haloperidol
Henna
Heroin
Hydralazine
Hydrochlorothiazide
Hydroflumethiazide
Hydroxychloroquine
Hydroxyurea
Hydroxyzine
Hyoscyamine
Ibuprofen
Imatinib
Imipramine
Indapamide
Indomethacin
Infliximab
Interferon Beta 1-A
Interferon Beta-1b
Interferons, Alfa-2
Irinotecan
Isocarboxazid
Isoniazid
Isotretinoin
Itraconazole
Kanamycin
Kava
Ketoconazole
Ketoprofen
Ketotifen
Lamotrigine
Leuprolide
Levofloxacin
Lincomycin
Lisinopril
Lomefloxacin
Loratadine
Losartan
Loxapine
Maprotiline
Meclizine
Meclofenamate
Medroxyprogesterone
Mefenamic Acid
Melatonin
Meloxicam
Meprobamate
Mercaptopurine
Mesalamine
Mesoridazine
Metformin
Methazolamide
Methenamine
Methotrexate
Methoxsalen
Methyclothiazide
Methyldopa
Methylphenidate
Metolazone
Minocycline
Mirtazapine
Mitomycin
Moexipril
Molindone
Moxifloxacin
Nabumetone
Nalidixic Acid
Naproxen
Naproxen
Naratriptan
Nefazodone
Nifedipine
Nisoldipine
Nitrofurantoin
Norfloxacin
Nortriptyline
Ofloxacin
Olanzapine
Oral Contraceptives
Oxaprozin
Oxcarbazepine
Oxytetracycline
Paclitaxel
Pantoprazole
Paroxetine


Pentobarbital
Pentosan
Pentostatin
Perphenazine
Phenelzine
Phenindamine
Phenobarbital
Pilocarpine
Pimozide
Piroxicam
Polythiazide
Pravastatin
Procarbazine
Prochlorperazine
Procyclidine
Promazine
Promethazine
Propranolol
Propylthiouracil
Protriptyline
Psoralens
Pyrazinamide
Pyridoxine
Pyrilamine
Pyrimethamine
Quetiapine
Quinacrine
Quinapril
Quinestrol
Quinethazone
Quinidine
Quinine
Rabeprazole
Ramipril
Ranitidine
Ribavirin
Riluzole
Risperidone
Ritonavir
Rofecoxib
Ropinirole
Rue
Saccharin
Saquinavir
Scopolamine
Selegiline
Selenium
Sertraline
Sildenafil
Simvastatin
Smallpox Vaccine
Sotalol
Sparfloxacin
Spironolactone
St John’s Wort
Streptomycin
Sulfacetamide
Sulfadiazine
Sulfadoxine
Sulfamethoxazole
Sulfasalazine
Sulfisoxazole
Sulindac
Sumatriptan
Tacrolimus
Tartrazine
Terbinafine
Tetracycline
Thimerosal
Thioguanine
Thioridazine
Thiothixene
Tiagabine
Timolol
Tiopronin
Tolazamide
Tolbutamide
Tolmetin
Topiramate
Torsemide
Tranylcypromine
Trazodone
Tretinoin
Triamterene
Triazolam
Trichlormethiazide
Trifluoperazine
Trihexyphenidyl
Trimeprazine
Trimethadione
Trimethoprim
Trimetrexate
Trimipramine
Trioxsalen
Tripelennamine
Triprolidine
Trovafloxacin
Valdecoxib
Valproic Acid
Valsartan
Vancomycin
Vardenafil
Venlafaxine
Verapamil
Verteporfin
Vinblastine
Vitamin A
Voriconazole
Yarrow
Zalcitabine
Zaleplon
Ziprasidone
Zolmitriptan
Zolpidem


PHOTOTOXIC REACTION

Acitretin
Alprazolam
Bendroflumethiazide
Bergamot
Captopril
Cetirizine
Chlorpromazine
Ciprofloxacin
Clarithromycin
Demeclocycline
Dong Quai
Doxycycline
Enoxacin
Fenofibrate
Fluorouracil
Fluoxetine
Furosemide
Glipizide
Goldenseal
Grepafloxacin
Hydrochlorothiazide
Hydroxychloroquine
Itraconazole
Levofloxacin
Lomefloxacin
Methoxsalen
Minocycline
Nabumetone
Naproxen
Norfloxacin
Nortriptyline
Ofloxacin
Oxaprozin
Pantoprazole   
Prochlorperazine
Promazine
Propranolol
Protriptyline
Psoralens
Rofecoxib
Sparfloxacin
Sulfisoxazole
Sulindac
Terazosin
Tetracycline
Thioridazine
Trioxsalen
Trovafloxacin
Vinblas

Examples of Classes of Photosensitizing Drugs

 

AIDS ANTIRETROVIRAL

Ritonavir (Novir®)
Saquinavir (Invirase®, Fortovase®)
Somatropin (*Serostim®)

ANTIARRHYTHMIC

Amiodarone (*Cordarone®, *Pacerone®)

ANTIARTHRITIC/ANALGESIC

Celecoxib (Celebrex®)
Diclofenac (Voltaren®)
Etodolacn (Lodine)
Ibuprofen (Motrin®)
Ketoprofen (Orudis®, Oruvail®)
Meloxicam (Mobic®)
Naproxen (Naprosyn®, EC-Naprosyn®,
*Naprelan®)
Nabumetone (Relafen®)
Naproxen Sodium (Anaprox®)
Oxycodone (Roxicodone®)
Sulindac (Clinoril®)
Sumatripan (Imitrex®)

ANTIBIOTIC/ANTIMICROBIAL/ANTIVIRAL

Acyclovir (Zovirax®)
Azithromycin (Zithromax®)
Cidofovir (Vistide®)
Ciprofloxacine (Cipro®)
Clindamycin (Clindagel™)
Demeclocycline (Declomycin®)
Doxycycline (Doryx®, monodox®,
Vibramycin®, Vibra-Tabs®)
Griseofulvin (Grifulvin V®)
Norfloxacin (Floxin®)
Pentosan (Elmiron®)
Sulfamethoxazole-Trimethoprim
(Bactrim®,Septra®)
Sulfisoxazole-Erythromycin (Pediazole®)
Trovafloxacin Mesylate (Trovan®)
Valacyclovir (Valtrex®)

ANTICONVULSANT

Divalproex (Depakote®)
Valproate (Depacon®)
Valproic Acid (Depakene®)

ANTIDEPRESSANT

Amitriptyline (Etrafon®, Limbitrol®)
Desipramine (Norpramin®)
Protriptyline (Vivactil®)
Trimipramine (Surmontil®)

ANTI EPILEPTIC

Oxcarbazepine (Trileptal®)

ANTIFUNGAL

Flucytosine (Ancobon®)

ANTIHISTAMINIC

Cetrizine Hydrochloride (Zyrtec®)
Cyprohepyide (Periactin®)
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl®, Parenteral)

ANTIHYPERTENSIVE

Atenolol-Chlorthalidone (T enoretic®)
Benazepril (Lotensin®)
Bisoprolol-Hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac®)
Clonidine-Chlorthalidone (Clorpres™,
Combipres®)
Diltiazem (Tiazac®, Cardizem®)
Enalapril (Vasotec®)
Enalapril-Felodipine (Lexxel®)
Enalapril-Hydrochlorothiazide
(Vaseretic®)
Fosinopril (Monopril®)
Hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide®)
Losartan (Cozaar®)
Losartan-Hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar®)
Moexpril (Univasc®)
Moexpril-Hydrochlorothiazide (Uniretic®)
Valsartan (Diovan®)

ANTILEUKEMIC

Penostatin (Nipent®)

ANTIMALARIAL

Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil®)
Penostatin (Nipent®)

ANTINEOPLASTIC

Capecitabine (Xeloda®)
Flutamide (Eulexin®)
Levamisole(Ergamisol®)
Porfimer Sodium (*Photofrin®)

ANTIPARKINSONIAN

Selegiline (Eldepryl®)

ANTISPORIATIC

Acitretin (Soriatane®)
Tazarotene (Tazorac®)

ANTIPSYCHOTIC

Carbamazepine (Tegretol®)
Clozapine (Clozaril®)
Pephenazine (Trilafon®)
Prochlorperazine (Compazine®)
Risperidane (Risperdal®)
Thiothixene (Navane®)
Ziprasidone (*Geodon®)

APPETITE SUPPRESSANT

Sibutramine (Meridia®)

ASTHMA/ANTI-INFLAMMATORY

Triamcinolone (Azmacort®)

CARDIOVASCULAR

Anagrelide Hydrochloride (Agrylin®)
Atrovastatin (Lipitor®)
Captopril (Capoten®)
Carvedilol (Coreg®)
Fenofibrate (TriCor®)
Gemfibrozil (Lopid®)
Lisinopril (Prinivil®, Zestril®)
Ramipril (Altace®)

CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC

Fluorouracil (*Efudex®)
Interferon Alpha-2b (Intron® A)
Interferon Alpha-n3 (Alferon

DIURETIC

Chlorothiazide (Aldoclor®, Diuril®)
Furosemide (Lasix®)
Hydrochlorothiazide & Combinations
(Accuretic®, Aldoril®, Atacand®,
Avalide®, HydroDIURIL®,
Inderide®,Maxzide®, Micardis®,
Moduretic®,Prinzide®, Timolide®,
Zestoretic®)
Hydroflumethiozide & Combinations
(Diucardin®)
Metolazone (Mykrox®, Zaroxolyn®)
Polythiazide (Renese®)
Polythiazide-Prazosin (Minizide®)
Triamtrene (Dyazide®)

ENDOMETRIOSIS MANAGEMENT

Leuprolide (Lupron®)

ERECTILE DISFUNCTION

Sildenafil Citrate (Viagra®)

GASTROINTESTINAL

Mesalamine (Pentasa®)
Rabeprazole (AcipHex®)

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS MANAGEMENT

Interferon beta-1 a (Avonex®)

MUSCLE RELAXANT

Dantrolene (Dantrium®)

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